WHAT IS “FRACKING”?

Fracking is the process of using explosives and a highly pressurized mixture of water, sand, and chemicals to stimulate production from natural gas and oil wells.


STEP #1:
Operators drill a well. While often associated with horizontal wells (where a well bore can be turned 90 degrees and extend up to 2 miles horizontally) any type of well can be fracked.
STEP #2: Explosives are sent down the well to punch holes in the pipe.
STEP #3: Fracking fluid (a mixture of water, sand and chemicals) is pumped down the well and through the holes at high pressures to crack and hold open the rock.
STEP #4: Freed natural gas and/or oil flows out of the rock and back up the well, is captured at the surface, and is then shipped to market.

Fracking adds more risk to the already damaging processes of oil and gas drilling. It threatens our water, air, land, and communities. 

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